Cross Bow hunting is the practice of hunting game animals by archery. One of the effective variations is the Crossbow. Crossbow is defined as a medieval weapon consisting of a bow fixed across a stock that has a groove along the middle to direct an arrow or bolt.
According to the New York State Department of Conservation, crossbows may be used only by licensees who are 14 years of age or older. Without landowner permission, crossbows may not be discharged within 250 feet of any home, school building or playground, public structure, farm structure in use, or occupied factory or church.
Without landowner permission, crossbows may not be discharged within 250 feet of any home, school building or playground, public structure, farm structure in use, or occupied factory or church. Moreover, a crossbow may not be possessed in or on a motor vehicle unless it is un-cocked.
While on lands inhabited by deer or bear, and in or on a motor vehicle using artificial lights, a crossbow may not be possessed unless it is unstrung or taken down or securely fastened in a case or locked in the trunk of the vehicle.
In addition, a legal crossbow consists of a bow and string, either compound or recurves, that launches a minimum 14-inch bolt or arrow, not including point, mounted upon a stock with a trigger that holds the string and limbs under tension until released.
The trigger unit of such crossbow must have a working safety.
Crossbows may be used to take the following small game species during their respective open seasons: Wild turkey, any other small game or upland game birds, unprotected wildlife (e.g. red squirrels and woodchucks) at anytime.
Alex Guothro in April 7, 2011 posted on crossbow101 about its mechanics. He stated that there’s nothing mysterious about crossbows. They are simply short bows held horizontally on rifle-like stocks.
Crossbows store and deliver energy in the same way as any other bow. In short, they are subject to all the laws of physics and limitations that apply to upright and handheld bows. Guothro also added that the sequence of loading and firing is different.
First, using a rope-pulley assembly or a crank mechanism, which can also be drawn manually, the bowstring is drawn back by the shooter and locked into position at a nock point with a trigger mechanism. This action transfers the shooter’s muscle energy to the limbs of the bow, where the energy becomes stored energy.
Only then is the arrow loaded, usually by placing it on the crossbow’s stock groove and sliding the arrow’s nock point up to the string. When the trigger is pulled, the stored energy is released and transferred to the arrow via the string, sending the arrow to the target.
Hunting with crossbows have both advantages and disadvantages.
John Mcadams posted on September 1, 2016 that one of the biggest of using crossbow for hunting when compared to a regular is that, once the crossbow is cocked, keeping the crossbow at full draws does not require any energy or effort from the hunter.
He added that the may then concentrate fully on aimingand simply squeeze a trigger when ready to shoot. For this reason, young or disabled hunters who may have difficulty drawing a regular bow can use crossbows without trouble. Moreover, crossbows have heavy draw weights. Most hunters use a draw weight of around 50-80 pounds with a compound bow; crossbows usually have draw weights in excess of 100 pounds and sometimes even 200 pounds.
Though velocity depends on multiple factors in addition to the draw weight, crossbows can still typically shoot projectiles noticeably faster than a compound bow. Hence, crossbows are relatively short-range weapons. Shooting on a sitting or kneeling position can be made easier since crossbows are aimed in the same manner as a rifle.
Hunters may also shoot from the rest which greatly enhances accuracy and precision in the right hands. The latter also works quite well with telescopic sights.
The fact that crossbows are significantly larger and heavier that compound bows, it is far being advantageous to the hunter.
Generally, crossbow hunting is a challenging activity for a hunter. Thus, if it is really his passion to hunt for animals, he has to be energetic and nimble. He must have a determined mind and follow rules for legality sake.